Ira Vahlia (2016) Analysis On Open-ended Problem Of Mathematics Learning In Elementary School

Lembaga Penelitian Um Metro

File Pdf Download


Mathematics learning has not been able to change the students‟ affective and cognitive to the better one. Bas ic thinking skills and learning skills are the main foundation to understand mathematics for the students of Elementary school. The thinking skills include: (1) matching and distinguishing, (2) selecting and classifying, (3) sequencing and aligning, (4) li ning up and (5) recognizing the pattern. Open - ended problem is a question which has many answers or many ways of resolving. These activities make the students active and happy in searching and finding the answer by themselves. According to the experts of e ducation, the problem presented should be realistic. It means that the students can see its application in the real situation . The teachers are expected to develop and produce the open - ended questions in order to the students become active, happy, and able to find the answers of questions given. In arranging the questions, there are questions that have many correct answers and many ways of resolving. The teachers need to give the guidance of problem resolving before giving the mathematics question to the st udents. One of the guidance given is presented that the questions included in the types of question which contain many answers or many ways of resolving. The attractiveness question for the students is that the problem uttered in the question is helpful an d available in their environment.

Keywords: Analysis, Open-ended Problem, Learning, Mathematics


[1] Heinich, et.all, “Instructional Media & Technologies for Learning, Engelwood Cliffs”, vol II. New York: Merril Prentice Hall, 2007, pp. 131 - 145. [2] Hudojo, H, “Strategi Mengajar Belajar Matematika”, Malang: IKIP Malang, 2008. [3] Yansen Ma rpaung, “ Pembelajaran Matematika yang Menyenangkan”. National Prosiding at Himpunan Matematika Indonesia Wilayah Jawa Tengah & DIY. Surakarta: Prociding, 2010, pp. 23 - 47. [4] Van den Heuvel - Panhuizen, “ M. Realistic Mathematics Education”, Work in Progres s, The Presentation at NORMA - Lecture di Kristiansand. Norwegia: Britz, vol II, Mei 2008, pp 170 - 183. [5] Van de Walle, J. A, “Elementary and Middle School Mathematics Teaching Developmentally”, Third Edition. New York: Longman, 2008. [6] Stiggins, R. & Chapuis, J. “Realistic Mathematics Education”, Fritzel. California: Mocows, vol. III,, Oktober 2015, pp 432 - 455.