DESIGN RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 4D MODEL FOR DEVELOPING MATHEMATICSTEACHING MATERIALS

Swaditya Rizki, Nego Linuhung (2016) Design Research And Development 4d Model For Developing Mathematicsteaching Materials

Lembaga Penelitian Um Metro


File Pdf Download


ABSTRACT

Teachers should be able to develo p teaching materials especially mathematics teaching materials, due to the low availability of quality teaching materials that suit the demands of the curriculum, students' characteristics, as well as the environment in which students live. Currently, many college students and researchers of mathematics in preparing the thesis or research have chosen to develop teaching materials with Research and Development (R & D) model 4D developed by Thiagarajan, et al. (1974). However, in practice, there are errors in understanding the development model in modifying the 4D into 3D. In this study, presented the results of a qualitative descriptive analysis research and development model 4D in particular area s of mathematics. The results of this analysis are used for re ference and ideas so that the researchers who conducted the research and development. Based on this assessment obtained by reference Research and Development (R & D) 4D model. stages of research 4D model that is Define, Design, Develop, Disseminate. Phase Define this is the front - end analysis, concept analysis, task analysis, and Specifying instructional objectives. Stage Design is designing prototype learning device for obtaining a preliminary draft. Phase Develop that is (1) expert appraisal followed by r evision, (2) developmental testing. Phase Disseminate divided into three activities, that is validation testing, packaging, diffusion, and adoption.

Keywords : Research and Development, Teaching Materials, 4D model.

REFERENSI

[1] Borg and Gall. Educational Research, An Introduction . New York and London. Longman Inc. 1983. [2] Hanafiah, N. dan Suhana, C. Konsep Strategi Pembelajaran. Bandung: PT Refika Aditama. 2010. [3] Mudlofir, A. Aplikasi Pengembangan Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan dan Bahan Ajar. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada. 2011. [4 ] Plomp, Tj & Wolde, J. van den. The General Model for Systematical Problem Solving. From Tjeerd Plomp (Eds.). Design of Educational and Training (in Dutch). Utrecht (the Netherlands): Lemma. Netherland. Faculty of Educational Science and Technology, Univ ersity of Twente. Enschede the Netherlands. 1992. [5] Rochmad. Desain Model Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran Matematika. Jurnal Kreano Jurusan Matematika FMIPA UNNES. 2012. Vol. 3, Num. 1., pp 59 - 72 [6] Tati., Zulkardi., dan Hartono, Y. Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran Berbasis Kontekstual Pokok Bahasan Turunan di Madrasar Aliyah Negeri 3 Palembang. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Universitas Sriwijaya , 2009. Vol.3, No.1., pp.75 - 89 [7] Thiagarajan, S., Semmel, D. S dan Semmel, M. I. Instructional De velopment for Training Teachers of Exceptional Children: A Sourcebook. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Leadership Training Institute/Special Education, University of Minnesota. 1974 [8] Trianto. Model - model Pembelajaran Inovatif - Progresif. Jakarta : Kencana Prena da Media Grup. 2012. [9] Yaumi, M. Prinsip - Prinsip Desain Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Prenada Media Grup. 2012.