IMPLEMENTING POW+WWW, WHAT=2, H=2 STRATEGY TO DEVELOP PARAGRAPH WRITING

Fitri Novia (2016) Implementing Pow+www, What=2, H=2 Strategy To Develop Paragraph Writing

Lembaga Penelitian Um Metro


File Pdf Download


ABSTRACT

Writing is important skill t o acquire the language. Unfortunately, students face problems when they begin to write. POW+WWW, What=2, H=2 strategy can be used to help students enhance their knowledge about writing process. The purpose of this study was to prove whether or not there wa s a significant difference in writing paragraph between students who were taught by using POW+WWW, What=2, H=2 strategy and that of those were not. Quasi experimental method was applied. The sample was eight grade students which consisted of 82 students. Purposive sampling method was used to select the sample. Written test was used to collect the data. Content validity and inter - raters reliability were used. T - test was used to analyzed the data. Based on the calculation of independent samples t - test, it wa s found that the t - obtained ( 6.191) was higher than t - table (1.9901) and the à value (0.000) was lower than P value (0.05), the null hypothesis (H o ) was rejected and alternative hypothesis (H a ) was accepted. It meant that there was a significant difference in writing paragraph between students who were taught by using POW+WWW, What=2, H=2 strategy and that of those were not. Thus, POW+WWW strategy coulddevelop students‟ writing paragraph.

Keywords: POW+WWW, What=2, H=2 strategy, Paragraph, Writing .

REFERENSI

[1]Pen g, G. (2001). On the effectiveness of writing strategies in promoting 13 - 15 years old Chinese ESL learners' writing ability. Unpublished. [2] Santangelo, T. (2014). Why is writing so difficult for students with learning disabilities? A narrative review to inform the design of effective instruction. Learning disabilities: A comteporary journal, 12 (1) , 5 - 20. [3]Meyers, A. (2005). Gateways to academic writing: Effective sentences, paragraphs, and essays .White Plains,NY: Pearson Education, inc. [4] Hogue, A. ( 2008). First steps in academic writing . White Plains,NY: Pearson Education, inc. [5] MacArthur, C. (2010). Self - regulated strategy development. Teaching excellence in adult literacy, 10, 1 - 4. [6]Santangelo, T., & Olinghouse, N,T. (2009). Effective writing instruction for students who have writing difficulties. Focus on exceptional children, 42 (9) , 1 - 14. [7]Troia, G.A., & Graham, S. (2003). Effective writing instruction across the grades: What every educational consultant should know. Journal of educational and pschological consultation, 14(1) , 75 - 89. [8] Alber - Morgan, S., R., Hessler, T., & Konrad, M. (2007). Teaching writing for keeps. Education and treatment of children,30 (3) , 107 - 128. [9] Novia, F. (2015). Promoting picture word inductive model (PWIM) t o develop students‟ writing skill. Premise journal of English education, 4 (1 ), 88 - 93. [10] Rouhani, Y., Nafchi, A.S., & Ziaee, S.M. (2016). Applying different interventions to teach writing to students with disabilities: A review study. Theory and practi ce in language studies, 6 (4) , 733 - 741. [11] Megawati, F., & Anugerahwati, M. (2012). Comic strips:a study on the teaching of writing narrative texts to indonesian efl students. TEFLIN Journal,23 (2), 183 - 205. [12] Smith, D. (2010). Strategies to impr ove student writing. Idea paper, 48, 1 - 7. [13] Kirby, D.L., & Crovitz, D.(2013). Inside out : Strategies for teaching writing . Portsmouth, NH: Heineman. [14] Mason, L., Harris, K., & Graham, S. (2003). POW plus WWW, What=2, How=2 equals fun and excitin g stories. Teaching exceptional children , 36(6), 66 - 71. [15] Saddler, B., Moran,S., Graham,S., & Harris.K. (2004). Preventing writing difficulties: The effects of planning strategy instruction on the writing performance of struggling writers. Exceptionalit y, 12 (1) , 3 - 17. [16] Dunn, M., W., & Finley, S. (2010). Children‟s struggles with the writing process exploring strortelling, visual arts, and keyboarding to promote narrative story. Muticultural education , 33 - 42.